Riglyne vir die implementering van 'n portuurhelperprogram in sekondêre skole in Suid-Afrika
Kanes, Theodora Petronella
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In South African secondary schools there are learners who undergo a daily struggle with social and emotional problems. The problems learners struggle with include problems like drug and alcohol abuse, suicide, domestic violence, peer pressure, anorexia, bulimia, stress, bullying, and many more. These problems often result in learners experiencing a great deal of pressure. They sometimes feel hopeless as they fail to find suitable solutions for their problems. They often feel alone and as though there is no one whom they can share their problems with and who truly understands. A Peer Helper Programme is a programme that focuses on training a selective group of learners to be peer helpers. A peer helper is someone who understands or someone of more or less the same age as the person seeking for help, has empathy, good listening and communication skills, and offers help and understanding in times of need. A literature study has been undertaken to give the precise description of the concept of peer help, to determine the task and function of a peer helper and to establish what exactly the training of a peer helper should encompass. The results obtained from this information allowed the setting of guidelines for the implementing of a peer helper programme for the effective training of peer helpers. An empirical study was executed to establish the nature and scope of the problems learners in secondary schools in the Klerksdorp school district experience and their needs concerning peer helping. From this study it was concluded that a need exists for peer helping programmes as well as guidelines for the design and implementation of a peer helper programme. Questionnaires were used and the following can be concluded from the investigation: There is an existing need for a peer helper programme as learners who experience problems will rather share this with a peer before telling an older person. A set of guidelines need to be put into place for the implementation of a peer helper programme. To conclude the recommendation is made at the end of this study that a peer helper programme needs to be implemented in every school in the various school districts and that it should stand under the management of the school principle and the assistance of the guidance teacher.
- ETD@PUK