Eating habits and nutrient intakes of 10-15 year old children in the North West Province / Carina Riëtte Rossouw

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dc.contributor.author Rossouw, Carina Riëtte
dc.date.accessioned 2009-02-26T09:05:50Z
dc.date.available 2009-02-26T09:05:50Z
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10394/1210
dc.description Thesis (M.Sc. (Dietetics))--North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, 2005.
dc.description.abstract During adolescence, the nutritional needs are higher than at any other time in the lifecycle. Childhood food practices persist into late adolescence and children's food preferences predict their food consumption patterns. Therefore, it is important to understand what influences their preferences and how they change over time. The main objective of this part of the THUSA BANA study was to investigate the eating habits of children aged 10-15 years in the North West Province (NWP). A cross-sectional design was used to investigate the eating habits of the children. A single, random sample, stratified for gender (male/female) and ethnic group (black, white, coloured, Indian) was drawn from schools (primary/secondary) in the five regions in the NWP. Dietary intake data (24-h recall method) were used to evaluate the adequacy of nutrient intakes, while frequencies and mean quantities of food intakes and an eating habits questionnaire were used to establish patterns of intake to identify dietary practices. Overall the diets of children 10-15 years of age were deficient in various micronutrients. The RD/Al's were not met for vitamin A, C, E, folate, pantothenic acid, biotin, calcium, magnesium, zinc and copper. The intake of fibre was low. Girls skipped breakfast more often than boys and children from informal settlements skipped breakfast more often than children from rural and urban areas. A significantly lower BMI was found for the children having breakfast when observing all the children, but not for different age and gender groups. The reason given most for skipping breakfast was not being hungry in the morning, but food availability which may have also played a role. The skipping of breakfast was associated with a lower diet quality. A low intake of fruit and vegetables and high intake of snacks were apparent. The intake of snacks, such as chips, cheese curls and sweets were reported more frequently than fruit or vegetables. Small milk portions and large portions of cold drink were reported, suggesting that cold drink is replacing milk in the diet. Overweight children consumed smaller portions of milk, though no correlation between calcium intake and BMI was found. Overweight boys consumed more carbonated cold drink and overweight girls consumed more squash, showing cold drink intake may be positively related to overweight. The snacks consumed were not nutrient dense and were consumed very regularly. The high intake of snacks may contribute to the low micronutrient and fibre intake. The importance of fruit, vegetables, milk, breakfast and high nutrient dense snacks needs to be emphasized with both the children and their parents.
dc.publisher North-West University
dc.subject Adolescents en
dc.subject Children en
dc.subject Dietary intake en
dc.subject Breakfast en
dc.subject Snacks en
dc.subject Eating habits en
dc.subject Transition en
dc.subject Milk, fruit and vegetable intake en
dc.subject Cold drink consumption en
dc.subject Overweight en
dc.title Eating habits and nutrient intakes of 10-15 year old children in the North West Province / Carina Riëtte Rossouw en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.thesistype Masters

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    This collection contains the original digitized versions of research conducted at the North-West University (Potchefstroom Campus)

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