Die rol van leesstrategieë in leesbegriponderrig
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Key words: reading comprehension, primary school, reading strategies, instruction techniques, gender. Research indicated that the reading ability of Grade 3 to 7 learners is insufficient for them to successfully complete their grades. This is an issue which needs attention very seriously, because it is clear that many students who have problems with reading comprehension and don't use reading strategies optimally and strategically are unprepared for the academic literacy requirements that typically characterise all levels of education, and that may very well be a part of their upcoming job responsibilities. For students to become mindful, motivated strategy users, they need systematically orchestrated instruction. Good instruction is the most powerful means of developing proficient comprehenders and preventing reading comprehension problems. The purpose of the study was to determine whether: • Grade 3, 5 and 7 learners use reading comprehension strategies and, if they do, which strategies are they using during which phase (pre-reading phase, during reading phase and post-reading phase). • There is a difference in boys' and girls' use of reading-comprehension strategies. • There is a difference in the use of reading comprehension strategies and the reading comprehension between Grade 3,5 and 7 learners. • The teachers of Grade 3, 5 and 7 learners are teaching reading strategies and, if so, which reading strategies are they teaching and how are they teaching them. A single cross-section survey design was used in the study. A total of 240 Grade 3, 5 and 7 learners attending two primary schools in Pietersburg, as well as six teachers (one for each grade in each of the two schools), participated in this study. Results showed that Grade 3, 5 and 7 learners differ regarding their use of reading strategies during the before reading, during reading and after reading phases. Results further showed that girls, in their use of reading strategies, differed statistically from boys, but the difference only revealed a small effect size. Pearson product moment correlations indicated that there was a relationship between reading strategy use and reading comprehension of Grade 3, 5 and 7 learners. The results of the ANOVA and the post hoc Tukey test showed that there were statistically, as well as practically, significant differences in the use of reading strategies and reading comprehension between Grade 3, 5 and 7 learners. The results also indicated that, although teachers sometimes teach reading strategies, the teaching does not seem to be explicit.
- Education