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dc.contributor.authorTaljaard, C.
dc.contributor.authorCovic, N.M.
dc.contributor.authorVan Graan, A.
dc.contributor.authorKruger, H.S.
dc.contributor.authorJerling, J.C.
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-02T12:45:32Z
dc.date.available2016-03-02T12:45:32Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.citationTaljaard, C. et al. 2013. Studies since 2005 on South African primary schoolchildren suggest lower anaemia prevalence in some regions. South African journal of clinical nutrition, 26(4):168-175. [http://www.sajcn.co.za/index.php/SAJC]en_US
dc.identifier.issn2221-1268
dc.identifier.issn1607-0658 (Online)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/16519
dc.description.abstractThe objective of this study was to report on the iron status of South African primary schoolchildren, as reported in independent studies conducted since the last National Food Consumption Survey-Fortification Baseline (NFCS-FB) in 2005. Internet searches were conducted for cross-sectional and randomised controlled trials that reported on the iron status of South African primary schoolchildren, published after the NFCS-FB of 2005. Search engines that were used included Science Direct, Sabinet, PubMed, EBSCOhost (Academic Search Premier, Health Source and Medline) and Web of Knowledge. The search terms in different combinations were “South Africa”, “children”, “iron”, “anaemia”, “iron deficiency”, “micronutrient”, “malnutrition” and “nutritional status”. Secondary analysis was carried out on the NFCS-FB data on children aged 7-9 years at provincial level. Outcome measures used were haemoglobin (Hb) and serum ferritin. The search identified four independent studies that were conducted in four different provinces: KwaZulu-Natal, North West, Western Cape and Northern Cape. All four were conducted in low socio-economic areas and selected children with poor iron status for intervention purposes. The studies reported an anaemia prevalence lower than that of the NFCS-FB: 11.5% vs. 14.4%, KwaZulu-Natal; 6.9% vs. 27%, North West; 17.2% vs. 18.8%, Western Cape; and 5.4% vs. 22.2%, Northern Cape. Serum ferritin was more difficult to interpret because different cut-off points were used. Anaemia prevalence, based on Hb concentration in primary schoolchildren, might have improved in some regions since the NFCS-FB. Regular national surveys are recommended to ensure that the iron status of South African primary schoolchildren is kept under surveillanceen_US
dc.description.urihttp://www.sajcn.co.za/index.php/SAJC
dc.description.urihttp://www.sajcn.co.za/index.php/SAJCN/article/view/703/1095
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMedPharm Publicationsen_US
dc.subjectIron statusen_US
dc.subjectanaemiaen_US
dc.subjectindependent studiesen_US
dc.subjectprimary schoolchildrenen_US
dc.subjectSouth Africaen_US
dc.titleStudies since 2005 on South African primary schoolchildren suggest lower anaemia prevalence in some regionsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.researchID12912654 - Covic, Namukolo Margaret
dc.contributor.researchID12843601 - Van Graan, Averalda Eldorine
dc.contributor.researchID10061568 - Kruger, Herculina Salome
dc.contributor.researchID10075410 - Jerling, Johann Carl


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