The synthesis and evaluation of 1-methyl-3-pyrrolines and 1-methylpyrroles as substrates and inhibitors of monoamine oxidase B
Ogunrombi, Modupe Olufunmilayo
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Very little is known about why and how the Parkinson's disease (PD) neurodegenerative process begins and progresses. In the course of developments for treatment of PD, the discovery of the inhibition of monoamine oxidase (MAO B) was a conceptual breakthrough, and has now been firmly established. MAO B has also been implicated in the neurodegenerative processes resulting from exposure to xenobiotic amines. For example, MAO B catalyzes the first step of the bioactivation of the parkinsonian inducing pro-neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Additional insight into the mechanism of catalysis of MAO B and the mechanism of neurotoxicity by MPTP is therefore very valuable in the pursuit of the treatment of PD.
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