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dc.contributor.authorAtanasov, Vladimir
dc.contributor.authorKerres, Jochen
dc.identifier.citationAtanasov, V. & Kerres, J. 2015. ETFE-g-pentafluorostyrene: functionalization and proton conductivity. European polymer journal, 63:168-176. []en_US
dc.identifier.issn1873–1945 (Online)
dc.description.abstractIn this study we propose a relatively simple and versatile method for the preparation of a polyelectrolyte membrane based on poly(pentafluorostyrene) (PFS) owing proton exchange functionalities for proton conducting applications. The method includes two steps: grafting of the PFS from an irradiated ETFE film, followed by post-functionalization. The advantage of our approach lies in grafting a polymer with highly reactive functional groups suitable for efficient post-sulfonation/phosphonation. The grafting step is optimized both in terms of the system (bulk, non-/solvent and gas-phase grafting) and the conditions (radiation doses, time and temperature) used. The kinetics of the grafting shows a linear increase of grafting degree with both time and temperature suggesting a lower diffusion control and a reduced termination reaction rate for the optimized grafting process. Both phosphonation and sulfonation of the PFS grafted ETFE result in a corresponding high functionalization degree of 50% and 70% with IEC values of 1 and 1.5 mequiv g−1 and conductivities of 170 and 90 mS cm−1 at 120 °C, 90% RH for the sulfonated and phosphonated ETFE-g-PFS respectively. The high conductivity is attributed to the homogeneous distribution of the PFS within the ETFE matrix (EDX-SEM micrographs) and relatively high acidities of the sulfonic and the phosphonic acidsen_US
dc.subjectPolyelectrolyte membraneen_US
dc.subjectelectron beam irradiationen_US
dc.subjectgrafting from ETFE filmen_US
dc.titleETFE-g-pentafluorostyrene: functionalization and proton conductivityen_US
dc.contributor.researchID24775290 - Kerres, Jochen A.

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