Now showing items 11-20 of 279
Health effects of household solid fuel use: findings from 11 countries within the prospective urban and rural epidemiology study
Background: Household air pollution (HAP) from solid fuel use for cooking affects 2.5 billion individuals globally and may contribute substantially to disease burden. However, few prospective studies have assessed the ...
Measurement of transepidermal water loss, stratum corneum hydration and skin surface pH in occupational settings: a review
Background: The skin provides a permeable barrier which may be impaired in oc‐ cupational settings. Transepidermal water loss (TEWL), stratum corneum hydration (SCH) and skin surface pH (SSpH) have been used in occupational ...
Development and validation of a HPLC electrochemical detection method to measure COMT activity as a tool in drug development
The determination of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity is considered valuable for various pharmaceutical and biomedical research projects. A specific high performance liquid chromatography-coulometric electrochemical ...
Local variations in exclusive breastfeeding rates in Africa
Large-scale analysis of 49 countries in Africa shows improvements in the prevalence of babies under 6 months of age being fed only breast milk, but there are large disparities in progress across and within countries
Receptor-mediated potencies of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban sediments: comparisons of toxic equivalency risk assessment
The Klip River, flowing through South Africa’s most populated urban area—Soweto and Lenasia—is subject to various pollution and anthropogenic influences, including great concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. ...
Construct validity and internal consistency of Hall’s Professionalism Scale: tested on South African nurses
Objective: In South Africa, appropriate criteria to measure the professional standing of professional nurses are essential. Internationally, there are professionalism scales by which to measure professionalism, but none ...
The use of herbal medicines among chronic disease patients in Thailand: a cross-sectional survey
(Dove Medical Press, 2019)
Background: The study aimed to assess the prevalence and correlates of herbal medicine use among chronic disease patients in health care settings in Thailand. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 1374 adult chronic disease ...
Unintentional injuries and socio-psychological correlates among school-going adolescents in four ASEAN countries
(Dove Medical Press, 2019)
Objectives: The study aimed to report the prevalence and socio-psychological correlates of non-fatal injury among school adolescents in four ASEAN countries. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional research data from the ...
May Measurement Month 2017: results of 39 national blood pressure screening programmes
(Oxford Univ Press, 2019)
Raised blood pressure is the biggest single risk factor responsible for mortality worldwide. Despite this, the majority of people with hypertension are unaware of having it, are untreated, or are on treatment but uncontrolled. ...
An optimistic vision for biosciences in South Africa: reply to Thaldar et al. (2019)
Our reply to Thaldar et al.’s1 response to the ASSAf report2 on human genetics and genomics focuses on two elements of the Report which they highlight, namely ubuntu and sovereignty. The lack of engagement with ...