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The African prospective study on the early detection and identification of cardiovascular disease and hypertension (African-PREDICT): design, recruitment and initial examination
Background: Globally hypertension is stabilising, but in sub-Saharan Africa the incidence of hypertension remains on an increase. Although this might be attributed to poor healthcare and ineffective antihypertensive ...
Assessing tobacco use in an African population: serum and urine cotinine cut-offs from South Africa
Background Cotinine, a nicotine metabolite, is used to measure tobacco use and exposure, but recommended cut-offs to differentiate tobacco users from those exposed through the environment range from 3 to 58 ng/ml in serum, ...
Iron loading, alcohol and mortality: a prospective study
Background & aims The relationship between total body iron and cardiovascular disease remains controversial and information absent in black sub-Saharan Africans in whom alcohol consumption tends to be high. The level of ...