Evaluation of a flexible NOTA-RGD kit solution using Gallium-68 from different 68Ge/ 68Ga-generators: pharmacokinetics and biodistribution in nonhuman primates and demonstration of solitary pulmonary nodule imaging in humans
Zeevaart, Jan Rijn
Rossouw, Daniel D.
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Purpose: Radiopharmaceuticals containing the motive tripeptide arginyl-glycyl-asparatic acid (RGD) are known to target ανβ3 integrins during tumor angiogenesis. A more generic kit radiolabeling procedure accommodating Ga-68 from different generators was developed for NOTA-RGD and evaluated for its versatile use and safety in subsequent in vivo applications. The [68Ga]NOTA-RGD kit was further verified for its expected biodistribution and pharmacokinetics in nonhuman primates and its clinical sensitivity to detect solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN) in cancer patients. Procedures: Single vial kits containing 28–56 nmol of NOTA-cyclo-Arg-Gly-Asp-d-Tyr-Lys (NOTA-RGD) and sodium acetate trihydrate buffer were formulated. Versatility of the NOTARGD radiolabeling performance and adaption to a TiO2- and a SnO2-based generator type, characterization and long-term storage stability of the kits were carried out. The blood clearance and urine recovery kinetics as well as the image-guided biodistribution of [68Ga]NOTA-RGD was studied in a vervet monkey model. [68Ga]NOTA-RGD kits were further tested clinically to target solitary pulmonary nodules
- Faculty of Health Sciences