The predictive validity of a selection battery for university bridging students in a public sector organisation
Alberts, Philippus Petrus Hermanus
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South Africa has faced tremendous changes over the past decade, which has had a huge impact on the working environment. Organisations are compelled to address the societal disparities between various cultural groups. However, previously disadvantaged groups have had to face inequalities of the education system in the past, such as a lack of qualified teachers (especially in the natural sciences), and poor educational books and facilities. This has often resulted in poor grade 12 results. Social responsibility and social investment programmes are an attempt to rectify these inequalities. The objective of this research was to investigate the validity of the current selection battery of the Youth Foundation Training Programme (YFTP) in terms of academic performance of the students on the bridging programme. A correlational design was used in this research in order to investigate predictive validity whereby data on the assessment procedure was collected at about the time applicants were hired. The scores obtained from the Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM), which forms part of the Raven's Progressive Matrices as well as the indices of the Potential Index Battery (PIB) tests, acted as the independent variables, while the Matric results of the participants served as the criterion measure ofthe dependent variable. The data was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software programme by means of correlations and regression analyses. The results showed that although the current selection battery used for the bridging students does indeed have some value, it only appears to be a poor predictor of the Matric results. Individually, the SpEEx tests used in the battery evidently were not good predictors of the Matric results, while the respective beta weights of the individual instruments did confirm that the APM was the strongest predictor. Limitations were identified and recommendations for further research were discussed.
- ETD@PUK