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dc.contributor.authorEssenko, Nadia
dc.descriptionThesis (M.A. (Industrial Psychology))--North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, 2004.
dc.description.abstractTertiary institutions in South Africa are being called to account for the quality of education that they provide. Evidence suggests that staffs at all levels are working longer hours than in the past in order to adhere to the above-mentioned requirement. Non-academic personnel in universities are the key performers to establish service quality. They know that they have to support academic staff in their main roles of research and teaching at institutions of higher education. Different support personnel groups within a university experience distinct problems. The nature of the support personnel's work is continuous and demanding. Support personnel must deal with the dilemmas inherent in simultaneously administering, supervising instruction, being accessible, delegating and accepting responsibility. Multiple personal and professional qualities seem to be needed to carry out the job successfully. Not surprisingly, then, support personnel in tertiary institutions can be extremely prone to experience burnout and occupational stress. The objective of this research was to determine the relationship between burnout, strain and job characteristics and to determine whether dispositional optimism moderates the effect of job characteristics on burnout. A stratified random sample (N = 334) was taken of personnel working in universities in the North-West province. The Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey, the Health subscales of ASSET and the Life Orientation test (revised edition) were used as measuring instruments. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the results. The results of the study showed that work overload and certain task characteristics (for example, no possibilities for independent thought and action) caused personnel to experience exhaustion as well as cynicism, which resulted in strain. On the other hand, certain task characteristics (for example, variety in work, adequate management and job security) were all linked to higher professional efficacy, which, in turn, resulted in less experienced strain. Exhaustion and cynicism, both of which are dimensions of burnout, were also significantly correlated. Dispositional optimism, however, was related to lower exhaustion and professional efficacy, which resulted in less experienced strain and burnout. Therefore, it seems that optimism moderates the effects of job characteristics on exhaustion. Recommendations were made for future research
dc.publisherNorth-West University
dc.subjectProfessional efficacyen
dc.subjectSupport personnelen
dc.subjectTertiary institutionsen
dc.subjectOccupational stressen
dc.subjectDispositional optimismen
dc.titleBurnout of support staff in universities in the North-West Provinceen

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  • ETD@PUK [7473]
    This collection contains the original digitized versions of research conducted at the North-West University (Potchefstroom Campus)

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