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dc.contributor.authorJoubert, Liezl
dc.contributor.authorBurger, Johanita R.
dc.contributor.authorLubbe, Martie S.
dc.contributor.authorCockeran, Marike
dc.contributor.authorTruter, Ilse
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-04T07:39:06Z
dc.date.available2018-09-04T07:39:06Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationJoubert, L. et al. 2018. Methylphenidate and atomoxetine prescribing trends in children in the Western Cape Province of South Africa, 2005-2013. Health SA Gesondheid, 23: # a1084. [https://doi.org/10.4102/hsag.v23i0.108]en_US
dc.identifier.issn1025-9848
dc.identifier.issn2071-9736 (Online)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/30880
dc.identifier.urihttps://hsag.co.za/index.php/hsag/article/view/1084/pdf
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.4102/hsag.v23i0.108
dc.description.abstractBackground: There is paucity of data on methylphenidate and atomoxetine prescribing patterns in South African children. Aim: To describe the prescribing trends of these agents in children residing in the Western Cape Province. Setting: South African private health sector. Methods: Longitudinal drug utilisation study on medicine claims data from 2005–2013, focussing on the number of patients and prescriptions per patient. Results: The total number of patients increased by 29.5% from 2005 to 2013. The majority were boys (male:female ratio, 3.5:1), and between the ages of > 6 and ≤12 years in 2005 and >12 and ≤18 years in 2013. More than 75% of patients received methylphenidate or atomoxetine in the City of Cape Town Metropolitan municipality. Prescriptions for methylphenidate and atomoxetine increased by 45.5% overall from 2005 to 2013 (p < 0.001), with that for methylphenidate and atomoxetine increasing by 36.0% and 314.5%, respectively. The average number of annual methylphenidate prescriptions per patient increased from 3.96 ± 2.92 (95% CI, 3.69–4.23) in 2005 to 4.38 ± 2.85 (95% CI, 4.14–4.61) in 2013 (Cohen’s d = 0.14) and for atomoxetine from 2.58 ± 1.86 (95% CI, 1.80–3.37) in 2005 to 4.85 ± 3.66 (95% CI, 3.84–5.86) in 2013 (Cohen’s d = 0.62). Conclusion: Although the total number of patients and prescribing of methylphenidate and atomoxetine increased significantly from 2005 to 2013, a slight downward trend was observed in the mean number of prescriptions per patient per year from 2008 onwards. These prescribing patterns warrant further researchen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherAOSISen_US
dc.subjectWestern Cape Provinceen_US
dc.subjectSouth Africaen_US
dc.subjectChildrenen_US
dc.subjectAdolescentsen_US
dc.subjectAtomoxetineen_US
dc.subjectMethylphenidateen_US
dc.subjectPrescribing patternsen_US
dc.titleMethylphenidate and atomoxetine prescribing trends in children in the Western Cape Province of South Africa, 2005-2013en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.researchID10730982 - Burger, Johanita Riëtte
dc.contributor.researchID10069712 - Lubbe, Martha Susanna
dc.contributor.researchID21102007 - Cockeran, Marike
dc.contributor.researchID22086498 - Joubert, Liezl


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