|dc.description.abstract||This study is part of an inter-university project, for which co-workers from
Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education and University of the
Free State gathered the data during 2000.
The population consisted of children in their late middle childhood (grade 4 to
grade 7) from schools in the Vaalpark and Bloemfontein (Free State),
Potchefstroom (North West), Badplaas (Mpumalanga), Krugersdorp and
Kempton Park (Gauteng), Kimberley (Northern Cape) and Durban (Kwazulu
Natal) regions. A random sample, which was representative of the different
race and socio-economic strata, was drawn from these children.
The literature study indicated that little is known about the nature of locus of
control in younger children and its relationship to creativity in the South
African context. The aims of this study are therefore to determine the nature
of locus of control in middle childhood; to examine locus of control in different
age groups and to establish the relationship between locus of control and
creativity. By using a single cross-sectional design, creativity was measured
with subscales of the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking and locus of control
with the Nowicki-Strickland questionnaire.
In conclusion the current study suggests that locus of control in late middle
childhood has become slightly more externally orientated than it was 30 years
ago. Cultural factors and the South-African context are much different in this
study population though, and care must be taken not to make direct
comparisons. With regard to the differences in the locus of control between
the two age groups there is a definite statistical difference, with a shift to a
more internal orientation in the older group. However, no practical
significance was found. The hypothesis that externally orientated students
would be less creative could not be validated and no correlation between
locus of control and creativity could be discerned.
These results seem to confirm a more dual dimensional view of some authors,
in that a "bilocal" person strikes a healthy balance between beliefs in internal
and external control, resulting in a more effective coping style.||