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dc.contributor.authorSurup, Gerrit Ralf
dc.contributor.authorChaldien, Annah
dc.contributor.authorBeukes, Johan Paul
dc.contributor.authorPedersen, Tommy Andre
dc.contributor.authorTangstad, Merete
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-26T12:57:35Z
dc.date.available2020-08-26T12:57:35Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationSurup, G.R. et al. 2020. Electrical resistivity of carbonaceous bed material at high temperature. Processes, 8(8): Art. # 993. [https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8080933]en_US
dc.identifier.issn0334-5114
dc.identifier.issn1878-7665 (Online)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/35645
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/pr8080933
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/2227-9717/8/8/933
dc.description.abstractThis study reports the effect of high-temperature treatment on the electrical properties of charcoal, coal, and coke. The electrical resistivity of industrial charcoal samples used as a reducing agent in electric arc furnaces was investigated as a renewable carbon source. A set-up to measure the electrical resistivity of bulk material at heat treatment temperatures up to 1700 ∘C was developed. Results were also evaluated at room temperature by a four-point probe set-up with adjustable load. It is shown that the electrical resistivity of charcoal decreases with increasing heat treatment temperature and approaches the resistivity of fossil carbon materials at temperatures greater than 1400 ∘C. The heat treatment temperature of carbon material is the main influencing parameter, whereas the measurement temperature and residence time showed only a minor effect on electrical resistivity. Bulk density of the carbon material and load on the burden have a large impact on the electrical resistivity of each material, while the effect of particle size can be neglected at high heat treatment temperature or compacting pressure. The mechanical durability of charcoal slightly increased after heat treatment and decreased for coal and semi-coke samples. The results indicate that charcoal can be used as an efficient carbon source for electric arc furnacesen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringer Verlagen_US
dc.subjectCharcoalen_US
dc.subjectElectrical resistivityen_US
dc.subjectCoalen_US
dc.subjectCokeen_US
dc.subjectHigh-temperature treatmenten_US
dc.subjectPyrolysisen_US
dc.titleElectrical resistivity of carbonaceous bed material at high temperatureen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.researchID23032898 - Chaldien, Annah Thembeka
dc.contributor.researchID10092390 - Beukes, Johan Paul


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