De toekomst der religie en De koperen tuin van Simon Vestdijk : 'n intertekstuele ondersoek
Van der Westhuizen, Elizabeth Susanna
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Simon Vestdijk (1989-1971) is one of the most prominent figures in the literary awareness of the Netherlands. Apart from his having been a highly productive writer, he has been and still is highly controversial. De toekomst der religie (The future of Religion) is a psychologico-philosophical reflection on the meaning of existence as its religious point of departure, with special stress on, amongst other, the I, the relationship with others, the involvement in the situation, freedom, responsibility, glut, choice, angst, death, what is too-late the extension of the moment, the meaningful directedness all a personal passion, the courage to be and to keep becoming. From an intertextual study it emerges that the postulated view of reality in the above work is transposed in narrative form in the text-internal vision of reality in the novel De Koperen Tuin (The Copper Garden). This transformation is concretized and manifested in visible terms in the manipulative techniques of the implicit author with regard to the character portrayal (especially with regard to music as the passion to which the main character dedicates himself), the portrayal of space (in which the Garden in the city of W… also becomes the lost Eden), the temporal structure (through the flashback into the past the directedness at the future is determined), the inner, outward, static and dynamic events, and all the micro-level in the use of language, for example the multiple use of metaphor, symbolism, irony and motif patterns. In the course of the narrative, and especially towards the end of it, there is a substitution of religious value contents in the main character, so that this process of the trans valuation of religion becomes the main emphasis of the discourse of the novel, albeit in veiled form. As a result of explicit and implicit allusion, rejection, extension permutation condensation and intensification, De Toekomst Der Religie and De Koperen Tuin are related in an intertextual relationship of polyphony and a doubling of each other’s meaning. From this inertextual study it has emerged that Vestdijk sustained his personal fame in that he transformed his personal view of reality, as explicated in De toekomst Der Religie to a vision of reality in the enthralling and coherent novel De Koperen Tuin.
- Humanities