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Municipal engineers in Johannesburg and Pretoria before 1910

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dc.contributor.author Mäki, H
dc.contributor.author Haarhoff, Johannes
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-19T08:21:21Z
dc.date.available 2011-01-19T08:21:21Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation MAKI, H. & HAARHOFF, J. 2009. Municipal engineers in Johannesburg and Pretoria before 1910. TD The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa, 5(2):230-247, Dec. [http://dspace.nwu.ac.za/handle/10394/3605] en
dc.identifier.issn 1817-4434
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10394/3955
dc.description.abstract This paper examines the history of the first town engineers in Johannesburg and Pretoria by looking at the selection process that was applied in their appointment; their responsibilities; and the circumstances at the end of their tenures. It explores what was expected of municipal engineers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; shows how weak their position was within the municipal structure; and explains how vague their job description was in relation to their wide field of operation. It becomes clear that most early town engineers had no formal training for the positions they held and that there was added pressure from elected councillors in both municipalities who were prone to follow assiduously how officials were spending public money en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Municipal history en
dc.subject Civil engineering en
dc.subject Water supply en
dc.subject Sanitation en
dc.subject Johannesburg en
dc.subject Pretoria en
dc.title Municipal engineers in Johannesburg and Pretoria before 1910 en
dc.type Article en


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