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dc.contributor.authorMäki, H
dc.contributor.authorHaarhoff, Johannes
dc.date.accessioned2011-01-19T08:21:21Z
dc.date.available2011-01-19T08:21:21Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.citationMAKI, H. & HAARHOFF, J. 2009. Municipal engineers in Johannesburg and Pretoria before 1910. TD The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa, 5(2):230-247, Dec. [http://dspace.nwu.ac.za/handle/10394/3605]en
dc.identifier.issn1817-4434
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/3955
dc.description.abstractThis paper examines the history of the first town engineers in Johannesburg and Pretoria by looking at the selection process that was applied in their appointment; their responsibilities; and the circumstances at the end of their tenures. It explores what was expected of municipal engineers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; shows how weak their position was within the municipal structure; and explains how vague their job description was in relation to their wide field of operation. It becomes clear that most early town engineers had no formal training for the positions they held and that there was added pressure from elected councillors in both municipalities who were prone to follow assiduously how officials were spending public moneyen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectMunicipal historyen
dc.subjectCivil engineeringen
dc.subjectWater supplyen
dc.subjectSanitationen
dc.subjectJohannesburgen
dc.subjectPretoriaen
dc.titleMunicipal engineers in Johannesburg and Pretoria before 1910en
dc.typeArticleen


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