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A critical review of the South African freshwater angling legislative framework / Morné Viljoen.

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dc.contributor.author Viljoen, Morné
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-30T13:03:09Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-30T13:03:09Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10394/4235
dc.description Thesis (M. Environmental Management)--North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, 2010.
dc.description.abstract Prior to 1993, freshwater angling in South Africa had been governed by the respective nature conservation legislation of the four South African provinces, the four “independent homelands" and the six so-called Bantustans. In 1993 a South Africa with nine provinces was created, of which only Limpopo and Mpumalanga promulgated its own laws governing freshwater angling. From 2008 angling for listed threatened and protected freshwater fish species has been regulated by the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, supplemented by the Threatened or Protected Species Regulations. In addition, it is anticipated that the Alien and Invasive Species Regulations, which will regulate angling for listed alien and invasive freshwater fish, will be promulgated in the near future. The result is that freshwater angling is currently being governed by a plethora of pre-1993 provincial, homeland and Bantustan legislation, two post-1993 provincial acts, as well as post-1993 national legislation. In this dissertation the South African freshwater angling legislative framework was critically analysed. It was found that the multitude of fragmented and complex laws, created 15 “angling provinces” which leads to confusion amongst anglers and government officials alike. In the process legal certainty and reasonableness, cornerstones of a sound legal system, are being compromised, indigenous freshwater fish are not adequately protected and alien or invasive freshwater fish are not properly managed. In the light of the above, and after taking comments by anglers and enforcement officials into account, recommendations are made for an improved legislative framework for freshwater in South Africa. It is recommended that all freshwater fish species be managed and/or protected on a catchment basis, as opposed to the current provincial basis. This will ensure legal certainty and reasonableness and that all indigenous freshwater fish which are subject to the similar threats are protected adequately and uniformly.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher North-West University
dc.subject Alien or Invasive Species Regulations en_US
dc.subject Alien species en_US
dc.subject Anglers en_US
dc.subject Angling en_US
dc.subject Biodiversity en_US
dc.subject Critically endangered species en_US
dc.subject Endangered species en_US
dc.subject Freshwater angling en_US
dc.subject Freshwater fish en_US
dc.subject Invasive species en_US
dc.subject National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act en_US
dc.subject National legislation en_US
dc.subject Nature conservation en_US
dc.subject Provincial legislation en_US
dc.subject Protected species en_US
dc.subject Threatened or Protected Species Regulations en_US
dc.subject Threatened species en_US
dc.subject Vulnerable species en_US
dc.title A critical review of the South African freshwater angling legislative framework / Morné Viljoen. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.thesistype Masters en_US


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    This collection contains the original digitized versions of research conducted at the North-West University (Potchefstroom Campus)

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