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dc.contributor.advisorTempelhoff, J.W.N. Prof.
dc.contributor.advisorVan der Waldt, G. Prof.
dc.contributor.authorGouws, Catharina Maria
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D. (Public Management and Administration))--North-West University, Vaal Triangle Campus, 2010.en
dc.description.abstractThis study is an investigation into water management policies in South Africa, their effect on water users and the perceptions users have of these policies. The investigation begins with an exposition of concepts such as water demand management (WDM), as well as integrated water resource management (IWRM). A sub-discourse of the main theme is the societal tendency to neglect its common property. Garret Hardin's groundbreaking observations on the "tragedy of the commons" (1968) are explored in an effort to locate issues of relevance in effective water management strategies. In contemplating the commons, it is evident that aspects of morality and ethics are involved. The morality of a society be it in a global or national context, seems to manifest itself in legislation and policies, and in the way these are implemented. The relevance of good governance, hydropolitics and sustainable development is also discussed to provide the necessary theoretical background to an understanding of the relationship between consumers and the water commons. Access to safe drinking water is protected in the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act, 108 of 1996. Flowing from the government's obligation to take reasonable legislative and other measures to achieve the progressive realisation of fundamental human rights stipulated in section 27(2) of the Constitution, the challenge since 1994 has been to provide access to water for all inhabitants and to manage the available water resources effectively. Furthermore, the objective of subsequent water legislation such as the National Water Act, 36 of 1998 and regulatory plans, like the National Water Resource Strategy has been to incorporate international trends in water governance. The Department of Water and Environmental Affairs (DWEA) divided South Africa into 19 regions, called water management areas (WMA). In this study, attention is focused on what constitutes a catchment and how a catchment management agency (CMA) governs its water resources. A description is provided of the functions of water user associations (WUAs) and how ththe Lower Orange Catchment Management Area is, for example, the blueprint from which stakeholders develop their goals. In this study, the water situation in the Lower Orange Water Management Area is under scrutiny. The focus is on the three main institutional components of water management (the Lower Orange catchment management, the Upington Islands Water User Association [UIWUA] and the //Khara Hais Local Municipality). The progress of the establishment of the Lower Orange Catchment Management Agency is outlined over a period of five years. Meanwhile, the Upington Islands Water User Association was developed and this has grown in stature. The work being done by these institutions is investigated by looking at grassroots effects, especially in respect of irrigation activities. The unique water management circumstances of the //Khara Hais Local Municipality are then investigated along with the plans outlined in their Integrated Development Plan {lOP) and their Water Services Development Plane Internal Strategic Perspective (ISP) of(WSDP). Because local irrigation operations consume most of the available surface water in the Lower Orange Water Management Area, irrigation farmers and their activities warrant closer attention. A historical overview is given of the development of irrigation in the region followed by an assessment of the role of two of the most prominent historical figures in Upington, Reverend Adriaan Schroder and Abraham "Holbors" September. Ultimately, however, the focus falls on the current state of irrigation in the area. It is possible to distinguish between the approach of large commercial farming operations and that of smaller irrigation farming units to irrigation. Specific attention is given to the perceptions of irrigation farmers as far as the policies and legislation pertaining to water issues is concerned. This study will hopefully provide the Department of Water and Environmental Affairs(DWEA), //Khara Hais Local Municipality and organised agriculture with some recommendations on efficient integrated water management strategies. It might well be of value to other municipalities who are experiencing similar problems. The aim has been to identify typical problems and potential disputes between water management institutions and relevant role-players.en_US
dc.publisherNorth-West Universityen_US
dc.subjectWater demand managementen_US
dc.subjectIntegrated water resiource managementen_US
dc.subjectTragedy of the commonsen_US
dc.subjectSustainable developmenten_US
dc.subjectLower Orange water management areaen_US
dc.subjectLower Orange catchment management areaen_US
dc.subjectWater user associationen_US
dc.subjectUpington Islands water user associationen_US
dc.subjectOrange Riveren_US
dc.subjectPolicy implementationen_US
dc.subjectPolicy formulationen_US
dc.subjectInternal strategic perspectiveen_US
dc.subjectIrrigation practicesen_US
dc.subjectMunicipal water managementen_US
dc.subjectPolicy implementation perceptionsen_US
dc.subjectHydro-social contracten_US
dc.subjectGood governanceen_US
dc.subjectKhara Hais Local Municipalityen_US
dc.titleResponding to water demand strategies : case study in the Lower Orange catchment management area (LOCMA)en

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    This collection contains the original digitized versions of research conducted at the North-West University (Vaal Triangle Campus)

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