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dc.contributor.authorMäki, H
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-19T12:43:33Z
dc.date.available2012-01-19T12:43:33Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.citationMäki, H. 2011. Municipal engineers and local government in the Transvaal before 1910. TD : The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa, 7(1):119-128, July [http://dspace.nwu.ac.za/handle/10394/3605]en_US
dc.identifier.issn1817-4434
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/5261
dc.description.abstractThis paper examines the history of the first town engineers in the Transvaal before the Union. It will briefly examine the changes in local government in the Transvaal, focusing on municipal engineers. Examination is made of the selection processes applied in their appointments and the circumstances at the end of their tenures. It explores what was expected of municipal engineers during this period; shows what their position within the municipal structure was; and explains how vague their job description was in relation to their wide field of operation. The development of the engineer’s position in the municipal management hierarchy is interesting. He was an important figure in local government, had specific responsibilities and enjoyed specific powers. It emerges that most early town engineers had training via apprenticeship for the positions they held and that there was added pressure from elected councillors in municipalities who were prone to assiduously monitor how officials were spending public money.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherNorth-West Universityen_US
dc.subjectMunicipal historyen_US
dc.subjectCivil engineeringen_US
dc.subjectWater supplyen_US
dc.subjectSanitationen_US
dc.subjectTransvaalen_US
dc.subjectBenonien_US
dc.subjectBoksburgen_US
dc.subjectGermistonen_US
dc.subjectHeidelbergen_US
dc.subjectJohannesburgen_US
dc.subjectKlerksdorpen_US
dc.subjectKrugersdorpen_US
dc.subjectPietersburgen_US
dc.subjectPotchefstroomen_US
dc.subjectPretoriaen_US
dc.subjectStandertonen_US
dc.subjectVolksrusten_US
dc.titleMunicipal engineers and local government in the Transvaal before 1910.en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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