|dc.description.abstract||From the literature it is apparent that children need additional support to adjust to
parental divorce. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Sandcastles
Program, which is a support group for children from divorced families. This
programme was developed in the USA and has received international acclaim.
The programme, as applied in South Africa, has not been evaluated before in
order to determine its value in the South African context.
The present study made use of both quantitative and qualitative research
methods to determine the effect of the Sandcastles Program on a group of
children between the ages of 9 and 12 years. The following variables were used
as an indication of improved adjustment on completion of the programme: an
improvement in self-concept, and a decrease in levels of depression, anxiety and
faulty beliefs concerning the divorce of their parents.
The quantitative results indicate a practical meaningful improvement in self-concept,
as well as a practical meaningful decrease in depression and anxiety.
No meaningful results could be obtained with regard to the beliefs of the sample
group. From the qualitative feedback from the parents and children, it appears
that the program contributed towards improved psychological functioning among
the members of the sample group. The main aim of the Sandcastles Program,
namely to help children give expression to their emotions, has been achieved.
The program also contributed towards a better understanding of the reality of
The shortcomings of this study lie in the following: the small sample group, the
absence of a control group and the use of convenience sampling in drawing the
sample group. One of the main shortcomings of the Sandcastles Program is that
there is currently only one licensed Sandcastles provider in South Africa, which
serves English-speaking children in Cape Town and the surrounding areas only.
It is recommended that this study be repeated in order to determine the reliability
of the findings and to establish a greater generalization of results.||