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The Three Million Gang in Maokeng Township (Kroonstad) and the reaction of the African National Congress’s aligned structures.

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dc.contributor.author Twala, Chitja
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-19T09:41:49Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-19T09:41:49Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.citation Twala, C. 2012. The Three Million Gang in Maokeng Township (Kroonstad) and the reaction of the African National Congress’s aligned structures. Yesterday & today, 7:101-120, Jul. [http://www.sashtw.org.za/index2.htm] [http://dspace.nwu.ac.za/handle/10394/5126] en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2223-0386
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10394/6854
dc.description.abstract As early as 1989 when it was clear that there was a possibility of unbanning liberation movements in South Africa and securing the release of political prisoners, the African National Congress (ANC)-aligned structures in the different townships began openly and radically mobilising for the organisation. The ANC-aligned demonstrations and protests became everyday scenes around the country and it was evident that the South African Police (SAP) was gradually battling to control the ANC-aligned citizens in most townships. In mid-1989, a gang known as the Three Million emerged in Maokeng Township (Kroonstad) and was accused by the community members to be operating as a vigilante group. Therefore, incidents of vigilantism by the Three Million Gang became a regular scene in this township. Using the Three Million as a case in point, I attempted to show how the ANC-aligned structures reacted to this gang which was viewed as a vigilante group in the Maokeng Township. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher The South African Society for History Teaching (SASHT) under the auspices of the School of Basic Sciences, Vaal Triangle Campus, North-West University en_US
dc.subject African National Congress en_US
dc.subject Three Million Gang en_US
dc.subject Vigilantism en_US
dc.subject Township en_US
dc.subject African National Congress Youth League en_US
dc.subject Free State Province en_US
dc.subject Maokeng en_US
dc.subject Seeisoville en_US
dc.title The Three Million Gang in Maokeng Township (Kroonstad) and the reaction of the African National Congress’s aligned structures. en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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