Leisure time physical activity participation in women (30-65 years) with high coronary heart disease risk indicators

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dc.contributor.author Ellis, Susanna Maria
dc.contributor.author Loock, Henriette Valery
dc.contributor.author Strydom, Gert Lukas
dc.contributor.author Wilders, Cilas Jacobus
dc.date.accessioned 2012-08-28T06:38:17Z
dc.date.available 2012-08-28T06:38:17Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Loock, H.V. et al. 2011. Leisure time physical activity participation in women (30-65 years) with high coronary heart disease risk indicators. African journal for physical, health education, recreation and dance (AJPHERD), 17(4:1):624-635. [http://reference.sabinet.co.za/sa_epublication/ajpherd] [http://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajpherd] en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1117-4315
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10394/7066
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study was to determine the effect of leisure time physical activity participation (LTPA) on South African women presenting with some enhanced coronary heart disease (CHD) risk indicators (physical inactivity, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, obesity and smoking). The respondents comprised 3 542 women, aged between 30 and 65 years (41.6 12.8 years) suffering from one or more of the primary risk factors for CHD. The cut-off points for the primary CHD risk factors considered were the following: systolic blood pressure > 140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg, total cholesterol > 5.2 mmol.L-1, obesity (BMI > 30) and cigarette smoking. The following physical activity categories were selected viz: high physically active (> 2 000 kcal week-¹), moderate physically active (1 000 – 2 000 kcal week-¹) and low physically active (< 1 000 kcal week-¹). Data were collected by means of demographic and physical activity questionnaires as well as field tests, and assessing total cholesterol, blood pressure and obesity. The respondents were selected from two age groups (30-49 and 50-65 year) representing primarily the pre- and postmenopausal phases of female life. Leisure time physical activity participation does not alter the selected primary coronary heart disease risk factors in the pre- and post-menopausal women significantly. Physically inactive women, however, tend to present more health risks than those participants in the moderately and high physical activity group. The prevalence of health risks increases with age inspite of participation in LTPA. The number of health risk indicators can be reduced by increasing LTPA, thus contributing to the management of the women‘s general health. Women should be encouraged to take responsibility for managing their own health by engaging in a healthy lifestyle in order to manage their health risks properly. This may require a multidisciplinary approach. en_US
dc.description.uri http://reference.sabinet.co.za/webx/access/electronic_journals/ajpherd/ajpherd_v17_n4_si1_a7.pdf
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher LAM Publications en_US
dc.subject Women en_US
dc.subject hypertension en_US
dc.subject hypercholesterolemia en_US
dc.subject obesity en_US
dc.subject smoking en_US
dc.subject physical inactivity en_US
dc.title Leisure time physical activity participation in women (30-65 years) with high coronary heart disease risk indicators en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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