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The problems of proving actual or apparent bias: an analysis of contemporary developments in South Africa

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dc.contributor.author Okpaluba, C
dc.contributor.author Juma, L
dc.date.accessioned 2012-09-03T08:19:59Z
dc.date.available 2012-09-03T08:19:59Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Okpaluba, C. & Juma, L. 2011. The problems of proving actual or apparent bias: an analysis of contemporary developments in South Africa. Potchefstroom electronic law journal (PELJ) = Potchefstroomse elektroniese regsblad (PER), 14(7):14-43 [http://www.nwu.ac.za/p-per/index.html] en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1727-3781
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10394/7189
dc.description.abstract This article takes a critical look at the divergent approaches of courts in constructing the meaning of actual and apparent bias in adjudicative contexts. It argues that while proving actual bias on the part of an adjudicator may not always be easy and parties often revert to apprehended bias, an allegation of bias in any adjudication process is a matter that courts take very seriously. This notwithstanding, the courts have failed to consistently demarcate the necessary elements and threshold of proof that complainants must overcome to secure a successful challenge of decisions based on adjudicative impartiality. Upon critical evaluation of the decisions on the subject so far rendered, this article suggests that the pattern which has seemingly emerged is that which weighs the allegations of bias against the presumption of impartiality and the requirements of the double reasonableness test. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Impartiality en_US
dc.subject Actual bias en_US
dc.subject Apparent bias en_US
dc.subject Reasonable apprehension of bias en_US
dc.subject Presumption of impartiality en_US
dc.subject Double reasonableness test en_US
dc.subject Fair-minded observer en_US
dc.subject Bad faith en_US
dc.title The problems of proving actual or apparent bias: an analysis of contemporary developments in South Africa en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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