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An electrochemical and theoretical comparison of ionic transport through a polystyrene based titanium-vanadium (1:2) phosphate membrane

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dc.contributor.author Arfin, Tanvir
dc.contributor.author Jabeen, Fakhra
dc.contributor.author Kriek, Roelof Jacobus
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-01T08:29:19Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-01T08:29:19Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Arfin, T. et al. 2011. An electrochemical and theoretical comparison of ionic transport through a polystyrene based titanium-vanadium (1:2) phosphate membrane. Desalination, 274:206-211. [http://www.journals.elsevier.com/desalination] en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0011-9164
dc.identifier.issn 1873-4464 (Online)
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10394/7412
dc.description.abstract Ionic potentials were measured across polystyrene based titanium–vanadium (1:2) phosphate membranes with 1:1 electrolytes at different concentrations. These observed values are found to compare well with membrane potentials calculated from theoretical equations derived by Teorell–Meyer–Sievers (TMS). Membrane parameters have been used to examine the validity of the theory utilized. The observed values of membrane potentials have been found to decrease with an increase of electrolyte concentration and follow the sequence Li+ > Na+ > K+ and are potentials all positive. This shows that the membrane is cation-selective. The ion mobilities of electrolytes are significantly affected by groups of fixed charge in the membrane. The distribution coefficient values were observed to diminish with increasing electrolyte concentration and follow the sequence KCl > NaCl > LiCl. The values of fixed charge density and charge effectiveness obtained by this simple method are in good agreement with those reported in literature. The charge effectiveness values are found to increase with the hydration radii of the electrolytes. en_US
dc.description.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.02.014
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Membrane en_US
dc.subject membrane potential en_US
dc.subject charge effectiveness en_US
dc.subject distribution coefficient en_US
dc.subject fixed charge density en_US
dc.title An electrochemical and theoretical comparison of ionic transport through a polystyrene based titanium-vanadium (1:2) phosphate membrane en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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