The effect of the Lifeplan® programme on the psychological wellbeing of a rural community in South Africa
Botha, Karel Frederick Hendrik
Freeks, Fazel Ebrihiam
Nienaber, Alida Wilhelmina
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This study explored the effect of the Lifeplan® programme on a rural South African community's psychological wellbeing. Participants were adult Individuals (N=99) between 20 and 83 years (mean age = 43 years, SD=13.28). A mixed method sequential explanatory research design was followed with quantitative data obtained through standardised scales, which included the General Psychological Wellbeing Scale (GPWS), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Coping Self-Efficacy Scale (CSE), and Mental Health Continuum - Short Form (MHC-SF). These scales, validated for a Setswana-speaking group, compared the levels of psychological wellbeing between and within an experimental group (n=47) and a control group (n=52), in a pre- and post-evaluation stage. Qualitative data (n=30) was obtained through semi-structured interviews conducted with the experimental group in a post-post evaluation stage. Quantitative findings reflected an increase in general psychological and emotional wellbeing. Small practical significant differences (d=0.19 - 0.40) were found between the experimental and control groups. Qualitative results suggested that participants within the experimental group experienced Lifeplan as educational and contributing towards general wellbeing.