Determination of the whole-genome consensus sequence of the prototype DS-1 rotavirus using sequence-independent genome amplification and 454® pyrosequencing
Jere, Khuzwayo C.
Van Dijk, Alberdina A.
O'Neill, Hester G.
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The prototype DS-1 rotavirus strain, is characterised by a short electropherotype and G2P serotype specificity. Following sequence-independent genome amplification and 454® pyrosequencing of genomic cDNA, differences between the newly determined consensus sequence and GenBank sequences were observed in 10 of the 11 genome segments. Only the consensus sequence of genome segment 1 was sequences deposited in GenBank. A novel isoleucine at position 397 in a hydrophobic region of VP4 is described. An additional 7 N-terminal amino acids was found in NSP1. For genome segment 10 the first 34 and last 30 nucleotides of the 5_ and 3_-terminal ends, respectively, were identified. Genome segment 11 was found to be 821 bp long, which is 148 bp longer than the full length genome segment 11 sequence reported previously. This paper reports the first complete consensus genome sequence for the tissue culture adapted DS-1 strain free from cloning bias and the limitations of Sanger sequencing. Sequence differences in previous publications reporting on DS-1 rotavirus genome segment sequencing, were identified and discussed.