|dc.description.abstract||In many countries the introduction of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), especially
computers, into schools has been praised as the necessary (although not without problems) course of
action for the qualitative improvement of teaching and learning methodology. However, one of the
greatest barriers inhibiting the successful adoption of a range of strategies to improve learning in a
new technologically enriched framework is resistance from teachers who may feel threatened and disempowered
by the change brought about by the introduction of technology into their classrooms.
The purpose of the study was to investigate the factors that influence the self-efficacy of teachers in
the foundation phase:
Which factors influence the computer self-efficacy of foundation phase teachers?
What is the relation between the identified factors and the computer self-efficacy of teachers?
0 What are the implications of the results for future training of foundation phase teachers?
All teachers (N=34) in the foundation phase in the central region of Lichtenburg, a town in the
Northwest province of South Africa, participated in the study. They completed a questionnaire, which
consisted of two sections:
The first section determined the teachers' computer self-efficacy.
a The second section identified the possible factors that may influence the computer self efficacy
of foundation phase teachers.
To ensure that all possible data, with regard to factors that might affect teachers' computer self efficacy,
were collected, the researcher also made use of interviews and observations. The data was
analysed by using frequency distributions, Pearson product-moment correlations as well as Analysis
of Variance, (ANOVA).
The results regarding age and computer efficacy was analysed using ANOVA. The results showed a
slight difference in the computer efficacy of the teachers from different age groups. Therefore, it may
be possible to enhance the computer efficacy of teachers from any age group. The results indicated a
relation between the computer self-efficacy of foundation phase teachers and some of the identified
factors, namely formal training, computer experience and school support. The relation was statistically
as well as practically significant. Age and access to a computer did not seem to have a statistically
significant effect on computer self-efficacy.
The results of this study have implications for teacher training. Computer training will be to the benefit
of Foundation phase teachers. Explicit guidance on the choice and use of software and the
integration thereof with teaching methods is essential, because computer technology is an integrated
part of the 21st century generation of learners.||