New Contree: 2013 No 66
No. 66, July 2013
- History, historians and the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission. / Verbuyst, R
- The Graaff-Reinet municipal location: unemployment and poor relief during the Great Depression of 1929-1933. / Minnaar, A
- Counterurbanisation and the emergence of a postproductivist economy in South Africa’s arid Karoo region, 1994-2010. / Ingle, M
- The usable past and socio-environmental justice: From Lady Selborne to Ga-Rankuwa. / Kgari-Masondo, MC
- Mapping free Indian migration to Natal through a biographical lens, 1880-1930. / Hiralal, K
- From fund-raising to Freedom Day: the nature of women’s general activities in the Ossewa-Brandwag, 1939-1943. / Blignaut, C
- "Wees jouself": Afrikaner kultuurorganisasies in Rhodesië (1934-1980). / Hendrich, G
- Schoeman, K. 2011. Cape lives of the eighteenth century. [Book review] / Van Heyningen, E
- Pienaar, UdV. 2012. A cameo from the past: the prehistory and early history of the Kruger National Park. [Book review] / Van der Merwe, B
- Bottomley, E. 2012. Armblankes. [Boek resensie] / Visser, W
- Jacklin, H. & Vale, P. 2009. Re-imagining the Social in South Africa: critique theory and postapartheid society. [Book review] / Thompson, L
In issue 66 of New Contree the reader is exposed to an interesting variety of well-researched articles. We depart from the historically neglected (and to some extent historically disapproved) Truth and Reconciliation Commission reports. Method and limitations in the TRC’s approach to diversity are discussed by the young historian and international scholar Raphael Verbuyst. In his effort to point out how the TRC engaged with the past in a multifaceted way, he consulted several sources, and build his arguments on several existing historical and philosophical perspectives. Though not a complete historiography on the TRC-debate from a historian’s perspective and broader views (the award winning impressions of Antjie Krog in Country of My Skull for example are absent as source) the article serves to be considered as part of a debate among historians and the positioning of History in public podiums.
Anthony Minnaar takes the reader back in time to very interesting unemployment and poor relief history during the days of the Great Depression in Graaff-Reinet. If not having been aware of the timeframe in which this history takes place, one surely could have easily wrongly taken the problems of the time to perhaps be contemporary history: a history in which the poorest of the poor always appear to be the last in the queue when it comes to employment. Class and race are constructs that can hardly be ignored in a local economic debate like Minnaar’s research.
Having referred to economic issues, Mark Ingle escorts the reader from Graaff-Reinet to the broader arid Karoo region’s post-productivist economy. The dominance of agricultural production eradicated in some sense to pave way for a growing tertiary industry like tourism and recreational farming. Other interesting observations in this change, and why so this changing tide, are looked for in communications technology developments and the emergence of a highly mobile group of professionals, identified as the "creative class" which is living in the country side.
Departing slightly from direct economic matters, Christina Kgari-Masondo debates forced removals from a socio-environmental perspective. The focus is on the area of removal (namely Lady Selborne) to the place to which people had to move (namely Ga-Rankuwa). To lose a home, a history and a connectedness with what was familiar are seen a far greater loss socio-environmentally and emotionally than the actual loss of land. Kgari-Masondo also argues that the forced removal process contributed to Africans being apathetic towards the environment. It is wisely claimed that a relocated community should participate in all spheres of public decision-making locally to achieve a new sense of "home".
In what sense forced migration shares some connectedness with free migration may offer an interesting debate. However, Kalpana Hiralal views free Indian migration in KwaZulu-Natal by utilising biographical traces of Indians entering the region from the last decades of the nineteenth century to the early twentieth century. The value of adopting a biographical approach to conduct historical research in migration studies is argued, especially in the absence of official documents.
In many ways, Charl Blignaut’s unravelling of women’s socio-cultural and economic activities in the former Ossewa-Brandwag organisation, adds value to the broader historiography of women’s history in South Africa. To an extent it also confirms the blunt ignorance of the average Afrikaner-labelled woman of the time in the day-to-day politics, despite their associations with a politically motivated cultural movement like the OB. Another example of the Afrikaner cultural visibility as a protective handle to secure one’s own tradition and political future is Gustav Hendrich’s description of Afrikaners in the former Rhodesia (today’s Zimbabwe) since the mid 1930s up to 1980.
In the book review section Elizabeth van Heyningen critically reviews Karel Schoeman’s Cape lives of the eighteenth century . On the other side of the country, Barend van der Merwe appraises U de V Pienaar’s A cameo from the past: The prehistory and early history of the Kruger National Park . The work of the late Edward-John Bottomley on Armblankes (and translated by Erika de Beer from John’s MA-dissertation) is assessed by Wessel Visser. Lastly, an informative reflection is provided by Lisa Thompson on Heather Jacklin and Peter Vale’s Re-imagining the Social in South Africa: Critique theory and post-apartheid society .
The Editorial Advisory Committee decided to allow the publication of a third (special) issue of the New Contreeannually. This will provide researchers with more opportunities to publish. Please utilise this opportunity and don’t forget to subscribe as member of theNew Contree.
Jacklin, H. & Vale, P. 2009. Re-imagining the Social in South Africa: critique theory and postapartheid society. [Book review] (School for Basic Sciences, Vaal Triangle Campus, North-West University, 2013)
(School for Basic Sciences, Vaal Triangle Campus, North-West University, 2013)The problem of minority groups in host countries to preserve their culture is a world-wide phenomenon. In the history of Southern Africa the Afrikaners fundamentally experienced the same obstacles and restrictions concerning ...
From fund-raising to Freedom Day: the nature of women’s general activities in the Ossewa-Brandwag, 1939-1943. (School for Basic Sciences, Vaal Triangle Campus, North-West University, 2013)The Ossewa-Brandwag (OB) was a mass-movement that originated as a result of the euphoria created by the 1938 Centenary Celebrations of the Great Trek in South Africa. With far-reaching and very ambitious aims the OB was ...
(School for Basic Sciences, Vaal Triangle Campus, North-West University, 2013)The history of indentured Indians has been well documented in South African historiography in terms of migration and settlement. Shipping lists, which meticulously recorded the biographical details of each labourer, ...
(School for Basic Sciences, Vaal Triangle Campus, North-West University, 2013)This article presents a case study in forced removals and their ramifications from 1905 to 1977 from the perspective of socio-environmental history. It depicts environmental damages and misunderstandings suffered due to ...
Counterurbanisation and the emergence of a postproductivist economy in South Africa’s arid Karoo region, 1994-2010. (School for Basic Sciences, Vaal Triangle Campus, North-West University, 2013)This review article serves to broach the concept of the “post-productivist countryside” where the primacy of agricultural production is supplanted by tertiary industries such as tourism, recreational farming, and arts ...
The Graaff-Reinet municipal location: unemployment and poor relief during the Great Depression of 1929-1933. (School for Basic Sciences, Vaal Triangle Campus, North-West University, 2013)By focusing on a medium-sized rural town in South Africa during the period of the Great Depression broadly resulted in showing the effects and reactions that were, in general, indicative of worldwide trends but with ...
(School for Basic Sciences, Vaal Triangle Campus, North-West University, 2013)Whether or not the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) intended to write history, it certainly engaged with the past while historians were virtually absent. This article therefore sets out to take ...