Selected chromone derivatives as inhibitors of monoamine oxidase
Legoabe, Lesetja J.
Petzer, Jacobus P.
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A previous study has shown that a series of C6-benzyloxy substituted chromones exhibit high binding affinities for human monoamine oxidase (MAO) B. In an attempt to discover additional chromones with potent and selective MAO-B inhibitory potencies and to further examine the structure-activity relationships of MAO-B inhibition by chromones, the series was expanded with homologues containing polar functional groups on C3 of the chromone ring. The results demonstrate that 6-[(3-bromobenzyl)oxy]chromones containing acidic and aldehydic functional groups on C3 act as potent reversible MAO-B inhibitors with IC50 values of 2.8 and 3.7 nM, respectively. Interestingly, a 2-hydroxy-2,3-dihydro-1-benzopyran-4-one derivative as well as open-ring 2-acetylphenol analogues of the chromones also were potent MAO-B inhibitors with IC50 values ranging from 4 to 11 nM. Chromone derivatives containing the benzyloxy substituent on C5 of the chromone ring, however, exhibit MAO-B inhibition potencies that are several orders of magnitude weaker. High potency inhibitors of MAO-B may find application in the therapy of neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease.
- Faculty of Health Sciences