|dc.description.abstract||Lasting peace in Sudan would reverberate throughout Africa, the Arab world, and
globally. But signing a historic peace agreement will not guarantee successful post-conflict
reconstruction in Sudan. Several critical openings must follow-with expanded
roles for the Sudanese people and their international partners.
Sudanese fighters from both sides will need to integrate into joint military units that
defend Sudan's borders and gain capacity to deal with rogue elements.
Sudanese politicians must expand the opportunities for fresh and excluded voices to
participate in Sudan's governing structures (north and south, national, regional, and local)
and its political processes. Benchmarks against which international assistance is
measured could help guarantee this need, as would an inclusive constitutional drafting
Sustained economic assistance and forward-learning decisions on reducing Sudan's debt
burden will help move Sudan on the path to economic growth. At the same time,
international pressure must be brought to bear on the Sudanese to ensure that revenue
streams, particularly oil and are handled transparently and for the benefit of Sudan's
people, not its leaders.
Uncertainty, hatred and mistrust run deep within Sudan. Donors must focus on building
connections among the Sudanese and bringing communities together around common
goals. The past focus on north-south issues should give way to more inclusive programs
that begin to address the political and economical marginalization that is fuelling
discontent and conflict in Sudan's peripheral regions. Lasting peace will require not just
changing attitudes within Sudan, but shifting outside practices to better confront the
enormous challenges that will complicate reconstruction efforts.
Sudan's coming peace presents an opportunity to move beyond almost forty years of
intrastate war. The United State, the United Nations, African Union, and other friends of
Sudan should now consolidate and capitalize on this opportunity.||en_US