The role of musical experience in the lives of Williams syndrome individuals
The purpose of this literature study is to better understand the musical experiences of those diagnosed with Williams syndrome. The problem of this study is defined by the lack of qualitative studies done on the musical experiences of Williams syndrome individuals. Research done on music and Williams syndrome emphasise the intense affinity that those diagnosed show towards music listening and music making, yet very few qualitative studies have been done on the importance of musical experience in the everyday lives of those diagnosed with Williams syndrome. The study at hand will provide insight into the lives of individuals with Williams syndrome, while focussing on the importance of musical experience, raising the awareness of caretakers, educators, therapists and researchers. This qualitative study was aided by Atlas.ti 7 computer software which assisted me in document analysis through a grounded theory approach. For the data analysis process, significant statements were identified and then coded. These codes were then sorted to reveal categories and main themes. Literature revealed that music could in fact play an important role in the lives of those living with Williams syndrome. Musical experience does not only have a positive influence on a single aspect of the lives of Williams syndrome individuals, it has an impact on their lives in general, influencing their overall well-being.