Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorKruger, Ankebe
dc.contributor.authorEdwards, David J.
dc.contributor.authorEdwards, Stephen D.
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-26T08:19:23Z
dc.date.available2015-02-26T08:19:23Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.citationKruger, A. et al. 2013. Research report on South African university mental skills norms for six sports. African journal for physical, health education, recreation and dance. 19(4_2):1060-1067. [http://reference.sabinet.co.za.nwulib.nwu.ac.za/sa_epublication/ajpherd]en_US
dc.identifier.issn1117-4315
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/13478
dc.description.abstractThe Bull’s Mental Skills Questionnaire, developed in the United Kingdom, is being more extensively used across various South African sport and exercise settings. It comprises seven mental skill subscales: imagery, mental preparation (goal-setting), self-confidence, anxiety and worry management, concentration, relaxation and motivation. Individual subscale scores are calculated and combined into a total score. Previous research has recommended establishment of local sport code norms. The aim of this study was to establish preliminary South African university norms for rugby, cricket, soccer, athletics, hockey and netball. The sample consisted of 121 university students from a South African institution. Norms are presented in means and standard deviations. Sports code norms are compared. Norms are compared with previous studies using similar samples. Recommendations for future research with the scale are made.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://reference.sabinet.co.za/sa_epublication_article/ajpherd_v19_n4_2_a10
dc.description.urihttp://reference.sabinet.co.za.nwulib.nwu.ac.za/sa_epublication/ajpherd
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSabineten_US
dc.subjectBull’s mental skills questionnaireen_US
dc.subjectSouth Africaen_US
dc.subjectuniversity studentsen_US
dc.subjectsport code normsen_US
dc.subjectsix sportsen_US
dc.titleResearch report on South African university mental skills norms for six sportsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.researchID11755350 - Kruger, Ankebé


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record