Conceptualising the effectiveness of impact assessment processes
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This paper aims at conceptualising the effectiveness of impact assessment processes through the development of a literature-based framework of criteria to measure impact assessment effectiveness. Four categories of effectiveness were established: procedural, substantive, transactive and normative, each containing a number of criteria; no studies have previously brought together all four of these categories into such a comprehensive, criteria-based framework and undertaken systematic evaluation of practice. The criteria can be mapped within a cycle/or cycles of evaluation, based on the ‘logic model’, at the stages of input, process, output and outcome to enable the identification of connections between the criteria across the categories of effectiveness. This framework is considered to have potential application in measuring the effectiveness of many impact assessment processes, including strategic environmental assessment (SEA), environmental impact assessment (EIA), social impact assessment (SIA) and health impact assessment (HIA).
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Post-exercise effects of cold water immersion and contrast water therapy. Part 2. Acute effects of contrast water therapy and passive recovery on the physical and haematological parameters in male university rugby players over a 48-hour recovery period Broodryk, Adele; Coetzee, Ben; Pienaar, Cindy; Sparks, Martinique (LAM Publications, 2017)The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of contrast water therapy (CWT) and passive recovery (PAR) on various haematological and physical components of male universitylevel rugby players after an intense ...
Post-exercise effects of cold water immersion and contrast water therapy. Part 1. Acute effects of cold water immersion and passive recovery on the physical and haematological parameters in male university rugby players over a 48-hour recovery period Broodryk, Adele; Coetzee, Ben; Pienaar, Cindy; Sparks, Martinique (LAM Publications, 2017)However, there are discrepancies in the results regarding the post-exercise effects of CWI over a 48-hour recovery period. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the post-exercise effects of CWI and passive ...
Meintanis, Simos G.; Allison, James S.; Santana, Leonard (Taylor & Francis, 2016)Fourier methods are proposed for testing the distribution of random effects in classical and robust multivariate mixed effects models. The test statistics involve estimation of the characteristic function of random effects. ...