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dc.contributor.authorMmbengwa, V.M.
dc.contributor.authorNtili, T.P.
dc.contributor.authorHaines, R.
dc.contributor.authorGroenewald, J.A.
dc.contributor.authorVan Schalkwyk, H.D.
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-26T07:39:43Z
dc.date.available2015-11-26T07:39:43Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.citationMmbengwa, V.M., et al. 2014. Analysis of women empowerment in South African water boards : a special reference to historically disadvantaged individuals (HDIs) in South Africa. Gender and behaviour, 12(2):6436-6448. [http://www.ajol.info/index.php/gab/article/view/111095]en_US
dc.identifier.issn1596-9231
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/15332
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.ajol.info/index.php/gab/article/view/111095
dc.description.abstractThe aim of the study was to investigate women's empowerment in water boards of South Africa. The study was carried out in all South African water boards (n=14) using both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. A non-probability sample (which used a purposive sampling frame) was used, resulting in a non-representative sample size (n=409). Qualitative data were collected through a combination of literature reviews, interviews, questionnaires, and observations. The results revealed that males have fair access to managerial and advisory positions such as junior management and water expert categories at a relatively young age. However, at the governance level, males compared to females are dominant at executive level. Very little women empowerment at these boards was evident. Women appear to lack succession prospects in other critical governing positions of South African water boards. The study recommends for a special attention to affirm women in the water boards in a sustainable manner.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://www.ajol.info/index.php/gab/article/view/111095
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherICPSen_US
dc.subjectgenderen_US
dc.subjectrepresentationen_US
dc.subjectgovernanceen_US
dc.subjectempowermenten_US
dc.subjectboardsen_US
dc.titleAnalysis of women empowerment in South African water boards : a special reference to historically disadvantaged individuals (HDIs) in South Africaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.researchID24468045 - Mmbengwa, Victor Mbulaheni


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