Simulation and characterisation of a concentrated solar power plant
Nel, Coenraad Josephus
MetadataShow full item record
Concentrated solar power (CSP) is an efficient means of renewable energy that makes use of solar radiation to produce electricity instead of making use of conventional fossil fuel techniques such as burning coal. The aim of this study is the simulation and characterisation of a CSP plant in order to gain a better understanding of the dominant plant dynamics. Due to the nature of the study, the dissertation is divided into two main parts namely the simulation of a CSP plant model and the characterisation of the plant model. Modelling the CSP plant takes the form of developing an accurate Flownex® model of a 40 MW combined cycle CSP plant. The model includes thermal energy storage as well as making use of a duct burner. The Flownex® model is based on an existing TRNSYS model of the same plant. The Flownex® model is verified and validated, by making use of a bottom-up approach, to ensure that the developed model is in fact correct. The characterisation part of this dissertation involves evaluating the dynamic responses unique to that of a CSP plant as stated in the literature. This involves evaluating the dominant dynamic behaviour, the presence of resonant and anti-resonant modes found within the control bandwidth, and the change in the dynamics of the plant as the plants’ operating points change throughout the day. Once the developed model is validated, characterisation in the form of evaluating the open loop local linear models of the plant is implemented. In order to do so, these models are developed based on model identification processes, which include the use of system identification software such as Matlab® SID Toolbox®. The dominant dynamic behaviour of the plant model, obtained from the developed local linear models, represents that of an over damped second order system that changes as the operating points of the plant change; with the models’ time responses and the bandwidth decreasing and increasing respectively as the thermal energy inputs to the plant increases. The frequency response of the developed local linear models also illustrates the presence of resonant and antiresonant modes found within the control bandwidth of the solar collector field’s temperature response. These modes however are not found to be present in the mechanical power output response of the plant. The use of adaptive control, such as feedforward and gain-scheduled controllers, for the plant should be developed to compensate for the dynamic behaviours associated with that of a CSP plant.
- Engineering