Synthesis, characterization, and dielectric properties of N-butylaniline capped CdS nanoparticles
Onwudiwe, Damian C.
Strydom, Christien A.
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tCdS nanoparticles were prepared by chemical reaction between some cadmium salt (CdSO48/3 H2Oand CdNO3·4H2O) and thioacetamide (TAA), in the presence of N-butyl aniline (NBA) as a capping group;and denoted by CdS1 and CdS2 respectively. The structural and morphological properties were studied by powdered X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The optical prop-erties were studied by the ultraviolet–visible and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The particle sizes were influenced by the nature of the cadmium source. The photoluminescence spectra of the nanoparticles show peaks at 630 and 635 nm respectively, which are attributed to the surface defects of the CdS nanoparticles. The dielectric properties of CdS nanoparticles were studied in the temperature range of25–150◦C, and at a single frequency of 1 kHz. The dielectric constant, capacitance and conductivity were found to increase with an increase in temperature at 1 kHz, and opposite behaviour were obtained for the dissipation factor and electrical modulus. The dissipation factor and electrical modulus decreased with an increase in temperature at 1 kHz. The activation energies were obtained from conductivity and capacitance. The activation energies obtained from capacitances were slightly higher than the values obtained from conductivity measurements. The electrical conductivity was found to be dependent on the size of the prepared nanoparticles