Now showing items 1-3 of 3

    • Application of nanoparticles in biofuels: an overview 

      Sekoai, Patrick T.; Ouma, Cecil Naphtaly Moro; Du Preez, Stephanus Petrus; Modisha, Phillimon; Engelbrecht, Nicolaas; Bessarabov, Dmitri G. (Elsevier, 2019)
      Biofuels are fast advancing as alternative sources of renewable energy due to their non-polluting features and cost-competitiveness in comparison to fossil fuels. However, in order to fast-track their development, focus ...
    • Fuel not food: towards sustainable utilization of gutter oil 

      Karmee, Sanjib Kumar (Taylor & Francis, 2017)
      Waste cooking oil is discarded into sewage and waste bins in various developing countries. In China, the discarded oil is scooped illegally from drains by smugglers. After collection, the obtained waste oil is reprocessed; ...
    • A spent coffee grounds based biorefinery for the production of biofuels, biopolymers, antioxidants and biocomposites 

      Karmee, Sanjib Kumar (Elsevier, 2018)
      Spent coffee grounds are composed of lipid, carbohydrates, carbonaceous, and nitrogen containing compounds among others. Using n-hexane and n-hexane/isopropanol mixture highest oil yield was achived during soxhlet extraction ...