State space model extraction of a natural circulation U-tube: a network approach
Van Schoor, G.
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The Reactor Cavity Cooling System (RCCS) in a High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) provides protection to the concrete structures surrounding the reactor pressure vessel. The RCCS comprises stand pipes circulating water. These pipes may fundamentally be considered as U-tubes. Since the RCCS is critical in case of a Loss of Flow Accident (LOFA), it is very important to characterise the dynamics of such a system both for systems and control engineering purposes. Detailed Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) models do exist, but these models are too complex for the purposes mentioned. The majority of thermohydraulic simulation codes utilise a network approach towards representing thermohydraulic systems. This concept is used to extract state space models from graphic representations of such systems. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the application of a State Space Model Extraction (SSME) method applied to a fundamental thermohydraulic system, namely a U-tube. The solution of the extracted state space model is compared with a validated systems CFD code called Flownex and shows good correlation
- Faculty of Engineering