Examining psychometric properties, measurement invariance, and construct validity of a short version of the Test to Measure Intercultural competence (TMIC–S) in Germany and Brazil
Schnabel, Deborah B.L.
Van de Vijver, Fons J.R.
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The goal of this study was to develop and validate a short version (TMIC-S) of the Test to Measure Intercultural Competence (TMIC; Schnabel, Kelava, Seifert, & Kuhlbrodt, 2015). TMIC-S measures six malleable abilities that support handling novel or difficult cross-cultural situations. The short TMIC-S version, comprising 25 self-report and six situational judgment items, was administered to 1032 Germans and 769 Brazilians. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed a good fit of the sixfactor multimethod model in both samples. Measurement invariance was examined by multigroup CFA, which showed metric and scalar invariance of the TMIC-S. An initial construct validation was addressed by computing correlations of the German and Brazilian TMIC-S versions with the Cultural Intelligence Scale (Van Dyne, Ang, & Koh, 2008). Additionally, prior intercultural experience was positively associated with latent TMIC-S means in both samples, highlighting criterion validity. Thus, TMIC-S is a valid instrument, which can be administered efficiently