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dc.contributor.authorPauck, Claire
dc.contributor.authorAucamp, Marique
dc.contributor.authorLiebenberg, Wilna
dc.contributor.authorStieger, Nicole
dc.contributor.authorDe Beer, Dalene
dc.identifier.citationPauck, C. et al. 2017. Inulin suitable as reduced-kilojoule carrier for production of microencapsulated spray-dried green Cyclopia subternata (honeybush) extract. LWT: food science and technology, 75: 631-639. []en_US
dc.description.abstractRetention of phenolic compounds during spray-drying of an anti-diabetic C. subternata extract and physicochemical characteristics of spray-dried powders (pure extract and extract-carrier mixtures) were evaluated. Extract-carrier mixtures contained three levels (250, 500 and 750 g/kg) of the microencapsulating agents, namely corn syrup solids, commonly used by the food industry, and inulin, a low-kilojoule alternative. The amorphous spray-dried powders ranged from nearly free-flowing to cohesive. Their moisture content and water activity fell within the range of their monolayer moisture values. The moisture sorption isotherm of the pure extract showed very little hysteresis, contrary to the mixtures containing carriers. Similar values for calculated and experimental heat flow, determined by isothermal microcalorimetry, indicated the carriers to be compatible with the extract, except when used in a mixture containing 750 g/kg corn syrup solids per total solids. Spray-drying had no detrimental effect on the individual phenolic content, in particular the heat labile mangiferin, isomangiferin and 3-β-d-glucopyranosyliriflophenone, and the total antioxidant capacity of the extract. Microencapsulation of C. subternata extract with inulin by spray-drying thus provides a stable low-kilojoule powder, suitable for formulation of single-serve beverage mixtures that can be used by diabeticsen_US
dc.subjectPhenolic compoundsen_US
dc.subjectPhysicochemical propertiesen_US
dc.subjectThermal analysisen_US
dc.titleInulin suitable as reduced-kilojoule carrier for production of microencapsulated spray-dried green Cyclopia subternata (honeybush) extracten_US
dc.contributor.researchID11927860 - Aucamp, Marique Elizabeth
dc.contributor.researchID10196226 - Liebenberg, Wilna
dc.contributor.researchID12038156 - Stieger, Nicole

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