IGF-1 and NT-proBNP in a black and white population: the SABPA study
Koegelenberg, Anna S.E.
Schutte, Aletta E.
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Background Black populations exhibit lower concentrations of the cardioprotective peptide, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and are more prone to develop hypertensive heart disease than whites. We therefore determined whether lower IGF-1 in black individuals relates to a marker of cardiac overload and systolic dysfunction, namely N-terminal prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). Materials and methods We included 160 black and 195 white nondiabetic South African men and women (aged 44·4 ± 9·81 years) and measured ambulatory blood pressure, NT-proBNP, IGF-1 and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3). Results Although the black group presented elevated ambulatory blood pressure accompanied by lower IGF-1 compared to the white group (all P < 0·001), we found similar NT-proBNP concentrations (P = 0·72). Furthermore, in blacks we found a link between NT-proBNP and systolic blood pressure (SBP) (R2 = 0·37; β = 0·28; P < 0·001), but not with IGF-1. In the white group, NT-proBNP was inversely associated with IGF-1 (R2 = 0·39; β = −0·22; P < 0·001) after adjusting for covariates and potential confounders. As IGF-1 is attenuated in diabetes, we added the initially excluded patients with diabetes (n = 38), and the aforementioned associations remained robust. Conclusion Contrary to the white group, we found no association between NT-proBNP and IGF-1 in black adults. Our findings suggest that SBP and other factors may play a greater contributory role in cardiac pathology in blacks
- Faculty of Health Sciences