Male on-campus resident students' social normative behaviour: Influences on lived social climate by same gender beginning-year university students
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This article reports on research on antecedents of first-year male students' experiences of senior male students' aggression in residences at a university in South Africa. Fourteen purposefully selected first-year male student residents (black = 14%; coloured = 7%; white = 79%) voluntarily participated. Their ages ranged between 18 and 21 years. Data were on their perceived precursors to aggression and violence that were collected using photo-narratives (written) and photo-narrative-elicitation-interviews. The data were analysed by means of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Three themes emerged which indicate that precursors to aggression and violence included physical and verbal aggression in the form of hitting, shoving around, pushing and shouting, swearing, taunting others, and nasty comments. Social aggression involves acts of bullying, exertion of power, modelling dominant behaviour in which perpetrators defend their status, or signal exclusion of others. The survivors experienced pressure to conform to fellow residents' practices, norms and behaviour in the hope that they would gain acceptance into the in-group.
- Faculty of Education