The SNP g.1311T>C associated with the absence of β-casein in goat milk influences CSN2 promoter activity
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Quantitative individual differences in the amount of β-casein in goat milk are determined by at least nine alleles. In particular, two alleles (CSN20 and CSN201) are associated with an undetectable amount of this protein in milk. The CSN201 allele is characterized by a single nucleotide substitution at position 373 of the seventh exon (AJ011018:g.8915C>T), responsible for the formation of a premature stop codon at the 182 position. Herein, we report the contribution of the SNP g.1311T>C, which demonstrates a linkage with the SNP AJ011018:g.8915C>T, to the promoter transcriptional activity. Particularly, we indicate that the nucleotide C at position 1311 negatively affects the promoter activity of the CSN2 gene.