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dc.contributor.authorMyburgh, Catharina Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorMalan, Leoné
dc.contributor.authorMöller, Marisa
dc.contributor.authorSteyn, Faans
dc.contributor.authorMalan, Nicolaas Theodor
dc.identifier.citationMyburgh, C.E. et al. 2019. Coping facilitated troponin T increases and hypo-responsivity in the copeptin-HPA-axis during acute mental stress in a black cohort: the SABPA study. Physiology and behavior, 207:159-166. []en_US
dc.identifier.issn1873-507X (Online)
dc.description.abstractBackground Defensive coping (DefS) was associated with a vulnerable cardiovascular profile in blacks. The copeptin/vasopressin system is a manifestation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis activity and may act as an acute compensatory mechanism when there is a disruption in volume-loading homeostasis, i.e. when cardiac stress is evident. Whether DefS will influence associations between copeptin and cardiac stress markers, remains unclear. Here we aimed to determine associations between acute mental stress responses of copeptin, vascular responsiveness and biomarkers of cardiomyocyte injury [cardiac troponin T (cTnT)] and cardiac wall-stress [N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)] in DefS race groups. Methods South African black and white teachers (n = 378) of both sexes, participated in this target population study. Cases with a history of myocardial infarction, stroke and atrial fibrillation were excluded. We obtained coping scores (Coping Strategy Indicator), beat-to-beat blood pressure and fasting blood samples at rest and after 1-min exposure to the Stroop-Colour-Word-Conflict-test. Results Interaction effects (p < .05) for copeptin percentage change (%) during the Stroop-Colour-Word-Conflict-test determined stratification of participants into race and DefS (≥26, above-median score) groups. In DefS blacks, Stroop-Colour-Word-Conflict-test exposure elicited increases in cTnT%, NT-proBNP% and diastolic-blood pressure%. Again, in these individuals, multiple regression analyses showed positive associations between copeptin% and total peripheral resistance%; with inverse associations between copeptin% and cTnT% (p < .05). None of these associations were found in DefS whites. Conclusions Utilisation of DefS in blacks provoked vascular hyper-responsiveness and cardiac wall stress (elevated cTnT and NT-proBNP); possibly mediated via the copeptin/vasopressin system. However, a presumably hypo-responsive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis during stress exposure could not counteract coronary perfusion deficits via additional copeptin/vasopressin release. The presence of defensiveness may have clinical implications in preventive cardiologyen_US
dc.subjectDefensive copingen_US
dc.subjectAcute mental stressen_US
dc.subjectCardiac stressen_US
dc.titleCoping facilitated troponin T increases and hypo-responsivity in the copeptin-HPA-axis during acute mental stress in a black cohort: the SABPA studyen_US
dc.contributor.researchID10056173 - Malan, Nicolaas Theodor
dc.contributor.researchID10060871 - Malan, Leoné
dc.contributor.researchID21247250 - Möller Wolmarans, Marisa
dc.contributor.researchID10176527 - Steyn, Hendrik Stefanus
dc.contributor.researchID25029517 - Myburgh, Catharina Elizabeth

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