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dc.contributor.authorAnsdell, Paul
dc.contributor.authorHowatson, Glyn
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Kevin
dc.contributor.authorAmann, Markus
dc.contributor.authorGoodall, Stuart
dc.identifier.citationAnsdell, P. et al. 2018. Deception improves time trial performance in well-trained cyclists without augmented fatigue. Medicine & science in sports & exercise, 50(4):809-816. []en_US
dc.identifier.issn1530-0315 (Online)
dc.description.abstractPurpose To investigate the effects of feedback, in the form of a virtual avatar paced at 100% and 102% of baseline performance, on neuromuscular fatigue after a 4-km cycling time trial (TT). We hypothesized that improved cycling performance would occur because of the participants exceeding a previously established critical threshold and experiencing greater neuromuscular fatigue. Methods After familiarization, 10 well-trained cyclists performed a baseline 4-km TT without feedback (BASE), followed by two 4-km TT where they raced against an avatar (set at 100% accurate [ACC] and 102% deception [DEC] of baseline power output) in a randomized and counterbalanced order. Before and after each TT, neuromuscular fatigue was assessed using maximal isometric voluntary contractions (MVC) of the quadriceps, and supramaximal electrical stimulation of the femoral nerve, during and 2 s after MVCs to assess voluntary activation and potentiated twitch force. Blood lactate was taken pretrials and posttrials and RPE was taken throughout each TT. Results Time trial performance improved after deception of feedback compared with baseline performance (−5.8 s, P = 0.019). Blood lactate increased after DEC compared with BASE (+1.37 mmol·L−1, P = 0.019). Despite this, there was no difference in any measures of exercise-induced neuromuscular fatigue (P > 0.05). Similarly, RPE was not different between trials. Conclusions Well-trained male cyclists can improve cycling TT performance when competing against an avatar increased to 102% of a previously established best effort. However, this improvement is not associated with a measurable augmentation of neuromuscular fatigueen_US
dc.publisherWolters Kluweren_US
dc.subjectCritical thresholden_US
dc.titleDeception improves time trial performance in well-trained cyclists without augmented fatigueen_US
dc.contributor.researchID26084759 - Howatson, Glyn

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