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dc.contributor.authorObodo, K.O.
dc.contributor.authorOuma, C.N.M.
dc.contributor.authorGebreyesus, G.
dc.contributor.authorObodo, J.T.
dc.contributor.authorEzeonu, S.O.
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-29T05:47:44Z
dc.date.available2020-05-29T05:47:44Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationObodo, K.O. et al. 2020. Controlling the electronic and optical properties of HfS2 mono-layers via lanthanide substitutional doping: a DFT plus U study. RSC advances, 10(27):15670-15676. [https://doi.org/10.1039/D0RA02464C]en_US
dc.identifier.issn2046-2069 (Online)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/34694
dc.identifier.urihttps://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlepdf/2020/ra/d0ra02464c
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1039/D0RA02464C
dc.description.abstractTwo dimensional HfS2 is a material with potential applications in the field of photo-catalysis and advanced solid state devices. Density functional theory with the Hubbard U parameter (DFT+U) calculations were carried out to investigate the structural, electronic and optical properties of lanthanide dopant atoms (LN = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu) in the HfS2 mono-layer. The calculated electronic band gap for a pristine HfS2 mono-layer is 1.30 eV with a non-magnetic ground state. The dopant substitutional energies under both Hf-rich and S-rich conditions were evaluated, with the S-rich condition for the dopant atoms being negative. This implies that the incorporation of these LN dopant atoms in the HfS2 is feasible and experimental realization possible. The introduction of LN dopant atoms in the HfS2 mono-layer resulted in a significant change of the material properties. We found that the presence of LN dopant atoms in the HfS2 mono-layer significantly alters its electronic ground states by introducing defect states as well as changes in the overall density of states profile resulting in a metallic ground state for the doped mono-layers. The doped mono-layers are all magnetic with the exception of La and Lu dopant atoms. We found that LN dopant atoms in the HfS2 mono-layer influence the absorption and reflectivity spectra with the introduction of states in the lower frequency range (<1.30 eV). Furthermore, we showed that the applicability of doped HfS2 mono-layers as photo-catalysts is very different compared with the pristine HfS2 mono-layeren_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherRSCen_US
dc.titleControlling the electronic and optical properties of HfS2 mono-layers via lanthanide substitutional doping: a DFT plus U studyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.researchID33652295 - Obodo, Kingsley Onyebuchi
dc.contributor.researchID30916364 - Ouma, Cecil Naphtaly Moro


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