Efficacy of United Nations Implementation of Responsibility to Protect In Intrastate Conflict - The Case of Libya (2011)
Findings from this dissertation suggest that there was a lack of proper legality and consensus in the implementation ofR2P norms in Libya's intrastate conflicts of 2011 . The ability for R2P norms to be implemented in future is bleak. It has been discovered that R2P had been characterised by another veto power of the western powers' agenda, western rights and national interest as if one size of foreign policy fits all. The regional bodies of African continent affected have no powers and have long lost its sovereignty. R2P with its pillars lacks clarity on the broader scale in terms of who should carry out the UN mandate, who should be protected, and what time-frame is and it is difficult to measure the efficiency of this norm and pillars and resolutions 1970 and 1973. R2P has only contributed to the death of Gaddafi when he was not a threat at all. R2P was supposed to be a tool for protection of both non-combatant and those combatants instead of taking sides. It has become tense debate where ATO, western alliance together with UN took sides. They had armed the rebels, had changed Gaddafi's regime, and disintegrated Libya's functional government into many splinter governments. They had left Libya for divide and rule, destroyed its infrastructures and the objectives had not been properly achieved. In addition to the efficacy in the implementation of R2P in Libya: (Beardsley, (2017); Blanchard (2016); Kazianis, (2011); Neethling (2012); Philps, (2012); Quinn (2013); Stuenkel (2014)) the efficiency of the United Nations implementation of Responsibility to protect in intrastate conflicts in Libya (2011) was prepared through the background of series of respondent's interviews, extraction and coding through primary and secondary data collection as well as analysis. The research has revealed that the implementation of R2P in Libya 2011 is characterised by a political interplay resulting the inefficiency. For example the national interest of the hegemonic powers were crucial to the intervention and withdraw thereafter. UN has come with 1970 and 1973 resolutions, due to its failure the organization has used these resolution with no objective achieved.
- Humanities