The influence of calcium lignosulphonate addition on non-isothermal pyrolysis and gasification of demineralised bituminous coal fines
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Amorphous calcium lignosulphonate (CaLS), a by-product of the paper industry, was evaluated as an adhesive to bind demineralised bituminous coal fines in various weight percentage ratios. Sequential acid (HCl, HF, HCl) leaching was used to reduce mineral matter content in the coal fines. The pyrolysis and gasification of the samples were investigated in laboratory-scale experiments to determine the effect of the CaLS addition on the pyrolysis and gasification reactivities. Coal-CaLS blends consisting of 5, 10, and 15% calcium lignosulphonate were prepared, compressed into pellets, and characterised using proximate, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray fluo- rescence analyses. An increase in binder concentration increases the mechanical strength of the pellets due to the increased interparticle contact area. The relative coal gasification reaction reactivity (1/Tmax and 0.5/T50), which was determined from the derivative thermogravimetry curves, increases with CaLS addition. The experimental results revealed that these wastes (coal fines and calcium lignosulphonate) could be utilised in thermochemical processes. Utilising these wastes will reduce the environmentally unfriendly volumes of amorphous calcium lignosulphonate and coal fines particles.
- Faculty of Engineering