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dc.contributor.authorHuizenga, Jan Marten
dc.date.accessioned2013-02-04T07:41:42Z
dc.date.available2013-02-04T07:41:42Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.citationHuizenga, J.M. 2011. Characterisation of the inorganic chemistry of surface waters in South Africa. Water SA, 37(3):401-410. [http://www.wrc.org.za/WaterSA.htm]en_US
dc.identifier.issn0378-4738
dc.identifier.issn1816-7950 (Online)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10394/8055
dc.description.abstractThe main purpose of this study was to determine a simple inorganic chemistry index that can be used for all surface waters in South Africa, in order to characterise the inorganic chemistry of surface waters. Water quality data collected up until 1999 from all sample monitoring stations (2 068 monitoring stations, 364 659 samples) in South Africa were transformed into an Excel dataset and subsequently quality screened using the stoichiometric charge balance, after which 196 570 (41%) of the water analyses could be used. Using an inorganic chemistry index (ICI) a more detailed analysis can be performed. The ICI shows that the surface water chemistry in South Africa is dominated by chemical weathering, chloride salinization and sulphate contamination. Based on the importance of these factors, primary catchment areas in South Africa can be subdivided into 3 groups, each with their own characteristic water chemistry. The results of this study allowed the development of a ternary diagram in which the 3 factors are represented. This diagram can be used to investigate the variation of the inorganic water chemistry of South African surface waters in time and space.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherWater Research Commissionen_US
dc.subjectInorganic water chemistryen_US
dc.subjectinorganic chemistry indexen_US
dc.subjectSouth Africaen_US
dc.subjectsurface watersen_US
dc.titleCharacterisation of the inorganic chemistry of surface waters in South Africaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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