Die verband tussen angs, aanpassing, die verhoudingslewe en skoolprestasie van kliniekskoolleerlinge
Van der Walt, Neeltje Irene Beatrix
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The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of fear, adjustment and relationships on scholastic achievement of clinic school pupils. Two methods of enquiry were used. An outline of former research on the role of fear, adjustment and relationships was made by means of a study of the available relevant literature. This was followed by die empirical method to test the validity of specific hypotheses. In view of the fact that placement in a clinic school could be a traumatic experience, the clinic school as such was studied. Reasons for referral, school organisation and the admittance and discharge of pupils were examined. Finally some advantages and disadvantages of clinic school placement were discussed. The literature was unanimous about the role of fear, adjustment and relationships as possible causes for poor school achievement. It was also evident that socio-economical factors can play a significant role in determining fear and adjustment in pupils as well as influencing their relationships. In order to determine whether there is a relationship between fear, adjustment, the relationships and school achievement of clinic school pupils a number of hypotheses were formulated and tested. The empirical investigation was carried out at a senior secondary clinic school. The test battery consisted of the P.H.S.F Relationship Questionnaire, the Ipat Self Evaluation Questionnaire, the Bell adjustment inventory, a socio-economic status questionnaire as well as some personal documents and files relating to the pupils. Scholastic achievement, the dependant variable, was operationalised to the average percentage which was achieved by the pupil at the end of the previous school year. Via factor-analysis by using the computer programme DMDP4M, the number of variables was reduced to ten. By means of multiple regression analysis the contribution of each of fear, adjustment and relationships to the variance in scholastic achievement was determined. The resultant findings revealed that according to the study which was made of the available literature, a relationship between fear, adjustment, relationships and school achievement does exist. This relationship, however, could not be determined by means of the experimental research done for this study as no significant proportion of the variance in scholastic achievement was accounted for by fear. However, adjustment and relationships did explain a small proportion of the variance in scholastic achievement which can be considered as meaningful in educational terms. It can be concluded that fear, adjustment and relationships of clinic school pupils are all complex matters which cannot be easily assessed, empirically. The study is concluded by the inclusion of a few recommendations as well as a number of topics for further research.
- Education